Symptoms of Acne

Getting to Know the Symptoms of Acne

Acne is a skin condition that often occurs on the face, neck, back, chest, or shoulders. These body parts are the ones that have a large concentration of oil glands. People who have acne often have different kinds of lesions. These lesions might be noticeable to the patient or these could be the ones that only a dermatologist is able to diagnose. Here are the most notable acne symptoms:

Comedo—comes in two forms which are whiteheads and blackheads.
Papules
Macules
Pustules
Cysts
and Nodules

Whiteheads and Blackheads

The least severe of all acne symptoms is called a comedo. Comedo is a basic acne lesion which results from a plugged hair follicle. A whitehead forms when the hair follicle openings are clogged and eventually blocked with dead skin and oil secretions. When this comedo settles beneath the skin, it becomes a closed comedo, thus the resulting bump is called the whitehead.

Blackheads are acne symptoms that are similar to whiteheads but these are on the surface of the skin and they have a darker color. A blackhead is an open comedo that has changed color because of the sebum or oil that was exposed to the air. The black color is not caused by dirt. Both whitehead and blackhead could stay on the person’s skin for a long period of time.

Papules, Macules and Pustules

Papules are swollen lesions that often appear as tiny, pink bumps on the skin. These lesions can be tender to the touch. A macule, on the other hand, is a red spot that is non-permanent. This is often left by an acne lesion that has healed. A macule is often colored pink or red and is flat; it also has borders. A person who appears to have a red face often has macules.

Pustules, commonly known as pimples, are raised spots that look reddish and are inflamed. These lesions could also have yellow or white pus at their base. All these acne symptoms are found in mild to moderate forms of acne.

Nodules and Cysts

Nodules are big, often painful, solid lesions that are deep-seated in the skin. Cysts are thick lumps that are right beneath the skin surface and are formed by the accumulation of oil secretions deep within the person’s hair follicles. Cysts are often painful and pus-filled and are the types that would cause long-term scarring.

Both these acne symptoms are found in the most severe cases of acne and often cause scars that would not go away except through surgery or powerful medications.

Remember that knowing which symptoms have appeared on your skin would help a great deal in choosing the proper kind of medication for your skin condition.

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